And this species is known for its beautiful symmetry and tall upright nature. Types of trees such as pines, firs, spruces, and cedars only lose their leaves gradually and they stay green all year long. It makes a lovely contrast with dark-colored evergreens. These can be up to 3” (7.6 cm) long and 0.8” (2 cm) wide. This species makes a good living Christmas tree due to its small size. Due to their coated leaf structure and coniferous top, evergreen trees are never susceptible to arid weather, thus standing tall and long-living. It grows slowly and fits into most landscapes. Water: Plant in consistently moist, well-drained soil. Choose a species with good cold hardiness in your region. Some of the most popular species and varieties are: Colorado White Fir – Abies Concolor. Another way to tell firs apart from pines or spruces is by their cones. Unlike many types of fir where the foliage only grows at the top, the whole shape of the tree is conical. The name comes from the fact that the needle foliage has a whitish appearance on the underside. This is an evergreen tree, meaning that it retains its color throughout the entire year. This fir tree species has female cones that look like raspberries. Types and Facts about Fir Trees - Fir trees are evergreen coniferous trees that fall under the Abies genus of the Pinaceae family. There are many reasons why the balsam fir has become a popular type of Christmas tree. Pine is a coniferous tree in the genus Pinus, in the family Pinaceae.There are about 111 species of pines worldwide, although different authorities accept between 105 and 125 species. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. These large evergreens are also widely used for rough timber or paper pulp. They can grow up to 5.5” (14 cm) long and measure 1.6” (4 cm) wide. The needles are dark green with blunted ends. As with many species of fir tree, the bark on subalpine firs is smooth on young trees and gradually becomes scaly as the tree ages. Both types of trees can grow to reach 60 feet, unlike the White Spruce which is ideal for growing in pots or along the perimeter of your home. The plants are native to North and Central America, Europe, Asia, and northern Africa. Tiny, yellowish-green flowers appear on the tree in March and April, producing acorns up to 1 inch long. Pacific silver fir (Abies amabilis) (click on each photo to enlarge image) Needles: Green on top and white underneath; about 1" long. The bark of young fir trees is usually smooth and gray. Fall apart when mature. The California red fir has reddish bark and long cones that grow upwards. Choose a species with good cold hardiness in your region. As with most fir trees, branches from the lower part drop off, meaning that foliage is concentrated at the top of the tall tree. Massed on the upper surface of the twig. The barrel-shaped cones are 3 to 6 inches long, green or pale blue maturing to brown or purple, but they may not appear on the tree for the first 40 years. But there are three other species of fir native to Canada — alpine, amabilis and grand — all of which are found in the west. This tree is one of the best specimens for shady areas. Southwest. Types of Fir Wood . Long cones grow erect on the tree and they can be between 2.1” and 4.3” (6 – 12 cm) long. As with most fir trees, the long cones grow erect on the stems. The balsam fir is identified by its flat needles that grow to 1.18” (3 cm) long. Balsam fir (Abies balsamea) is usually the most reasonably priced and abundant cut tree. There are many types of fir trees and although they’re all similar, each type grows in a specific location and has a unique color and shape. Another reason why these evergreens are popular at Christmas time is due to their glossy green foliage. The soft-textured tree has variable color, depending on seed source, with the blue-green types being the most attractive and hardy. They are closely related to other coniferous trees in the family Pinaceae such as pines and cedars. Among the many choices of evergreen trees, the most commonly planted varieties are cypress, pine, fir, cedar, spruce, hemlock, juniper, thuja, eucalyptus, and magnolia. Rowan tree in Wicklow, Ireland. Fraser fir tree has small conical cones that are purple in color that turns light brown before disintegrating and spreading seeds. Or select a region for a larger-scale map. Vanessa Richins Myers is a seasoned horticulturist, garden writer and educator with 10+ years of experience in the horticulture and gardening space. The underside of the needles has 2 white stomatal bands giving the foliage a lighter appearance. The majority of these are dioecious, so they require both a male and female plant within pollination distance of each other in order for the female to produce fruits. Spanish firs have a distinct conical shape and purple cones. The trees have a reliably symmetrical shape with a wide base and dark green, broad needles. The cones are the fruit of the conifers and fir cones tend to grow straight upward from the branches. Pine trees are also an important source of wood because they grow fast and … Often wood from grand firs is used in the construction industry for frames and other wooden indoor structures. This species grows between 35-50 feet (10.5-15 m.). The silver fir is a tall slender species of conifer native to Europe. Fir trees are a genus of the evergreen coniferous trees and are also a popular choice for the holiday season. They can grow to between 80 and 195 ft. (24 – 60 m). Several species are useful as a source of timber, and a number are cultivated as ornamentals. This grand fir tree grows up to 230 ft. (70 m) tall and has a conical pyramid shape. The best fir species for use as potted, living Christmas trees are the Fraser, balsam, white, Spanish, and noble firs. The identifying features of these firs are short flattened needles, long purple cones, and bushy foliage. These are large evergreen trees in the family Pinaceae that grow up to 330 ft. (100 m) tall. These are also an important type of tree for its pulp to make paper. Because of this, wood from fir trees is generally used to construct indoor wooden frames or plywood. The Noble fir has inch-long silvery blue-green needles which point upwards, exposing the lower branches. These evergreens grow at high altitudes in temperate forests that get plenty of rainfall. Move it outdoors for a day or two during the holiday season to give it a rest from the stress of warm indoor conditions. Looking up close at the needle leaves, you will see that Spanish fir has light bluish-green needles are arranged radially. Douglas Fir Is Confusing to Taxonomists . Spruce-pine-fir, or SPF, is that the generic name for a variety of timbers originating from North America. Dwarf varieties of these evergreens are some of the most popular Christmas trees. These grow from the shoots on either side, giving the “leaf” a flat rather than cylindrical look. Need a tree that thrives in colder climates? For example, the Douglas fir belongs to the genus Pseudotsuga which means that it is a type of pine tree, not a fir tree. The most common Abies species used for traditional Christmas trees are the balsam fir, Fraser fir, noble fir, and Nordmann fir. This tree, as you might expect from its name, grows to great heights of over 200 feet tall. Why We Love It: Unique foliage and cones. Nordmann fir trees are also used for rough timber to construct indoor wooden frames. Evergreen trees are a popular type of Christmas tree because they keep their leaves throughout the year. However, if you suffer from allergies, then it’s essential to pick a species of evergreen that has no aroma at all. However, all New World trees we commonly call “cedar” are of the family Cupressaceae, often referred to as cypress. Cones on noble firs are long and cylindrical and can grow to between 4” and 9” (10 – 22 cm) long. The low-maintenance tree prefers full sun and can grow in a variety of soil types as long as they drain well. The cones are cylindrical in shape, 6” (15 cm) long, and have a reddish-brown color. These fir trees are some of the tallest fir trees in their native habitats. Although the grand fir is a type of softwood tree, its wood is strong and cut into timber. • Silt – smooth and slippery when wet, small soil particles. The Nordmann fir is one of the most popular Christmas trees in the UK. They are closely related to other coniferous trees in the family Pinaceae such as pines and cedars. This species of evergreen conifer is from the genus Pseudotsuga which means it actually belongs on the list of pine trees. Fir trees are a species of large evergreen conifer trees that are mainly found in North America, Europe, and Asia. Loosen compacted soils by digging in compost or other organic amendments before planting the tree. Its obvious how evergreens got their name; they keep their foliage all year round, unlike deciduous trees that shed theirs in fall. Their needle-like leaves are between 0.4″ and 1.37″ (1 – 3.5 cm) long and are a bluish-green color. Douglas fir doesn't like hot, dry winds but will do excellent where there's moisture in the soil and in the atmosphere. Note: The Balsam wooly adelgid (Adelges piceae) has decimated many of these trees since it was introduced into the tree's native range. Also known as red fir or white fir, the noble fir is a popular choice for Christmas trees. The needles of Korean fir grow densely on the twigs and curl in on themselves. We’re familiar with trees like Alaskan cedar and western red cedar, but they are cedars in name only. The needles grow up to 3.5” (9 cm) long and are soft and glossy. … The subalpine fir tree is a medium-sized fir tree that grows very slowly; it is frequently used in bonsai craft. Growing on the fir trees, these cones can resemble candles on a Christmas tree. A fragrant home for wildlife, the Douglas fir isn’t just for Christmas. Fir, Douglas. Fir trees make useful specimen plantings and have erect cones. Northwest. Even some pine cones that are long and conical differ from fir trees in the way they grow on the tree. The distinctive cones appear in late spring and come in shades of blue or purple. Additional, more detailed characteristics are used to separate the different species of these three groups of coniferous evergreens. Depending on where this “fir” tree is found in the world, it is also called the Oregon pine, Douglas spruce, red fir, or red pine. This makes it perfect for those looking for a traditional Christmas tree. The short, broad needles are up to 3/4 inch long, shiny dark-green on the top surfaces and silver on the undersides. A tiny ridge runs the length of the upper side (compare with groove on noble fir). This subalpine fir does well in areas with some shade. Subalpine firs grow up to 66 ft. (20 m) and are also popular in ornamental landscaped gardens. Douglas fir is not a true fir tree but it’s a type of pine tree. The two and a half-inch flat needles are shiny dark green on the top with two white lines on the undersides and release an orange fragrance when crushed. Varieties to Try: Glauca Prostrata, Horstmann’s Silberlocke. These huge fir trees grow to between 130 and 200 ft. (40 – 60 m) tall and their trunk is 6.6 ft. (2 m) in diameter. The way the fir needles are arranged on the shoots gives the “leaf” an overall flat appearance. Some of the tallest specimens of Nordmann trees can grow up to 280 ft. (85 m) tall. Holly trees and bushes encompass more than 400 plant species. Soil texture – several types: • Sand – gritty, large soil particles. This species can tolerate living in a container (as long as it was started in one), so it can be a good choice for a living Christmas tree. This fir tree displays a full pyramid shape with blue or dark green leaves that have one of the richest scents of all the Christmas trees. Its flattened needle leaves help to identify this Abies species along with green cones that grow to between 2.3” and 4.7” (6 – 12 cm) long. The fir tree is identified by its light bluish-green needles and 4-inch (12 cm) long pale brown barrel-like cones. 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