Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport , 1 (2), p. 100-110 SERRESSE, O. et al. Below the Introduction (technical explanation), we offer 7 sessions (in 3 stages) for training the Oxidative System. By John Shepherd. Aerobic metabolism means ‘with oxygen’ and occurs when energy is produced in the body from chemical reactions that use oxygen. Aerobic means ‘with air’. A first sporting example using the ATP-CP/ alactic acid energy system is a 100m sprinter. The aerobic energy system does not produce lactic acid, but unlike the other two energy systems, it does require oxygen. Production of energy, or ATP, occurs in the mitochondria of the muscle fibers. The aerobic system is used during long distance events such as long distance swimming and long distance running. The 100m sprinter uses this system because when running this race he/she does not need to use oxygen because the race is over with in ten seconds. The aerobic system produces the largest amounts of energy, although at the lowest intensity, for example, in long-distance running. Meaning that the Aerobic energy system is the dominant energy system with bursts of short, high intensity work throughout the game. Since the Aerobic system produces ATP in the presence of oxygen it has the capability to provide an endless supply of energy albeit at a much slower pace than the other two energy systems. Known also as the “long – term energy system”, aerobic system is the dominant energy system in exercise lasting more than 2 – 3 minutes. Sports with Dominating Anaerobic Glycolysis System: The anaerobic glycolysis system is the dominant energy system in the following sports: Athletics: 200 m dash. This article is Part 3 of a 3 part series that outlines the three basic energy systems used in sport, their interactions with one another, and how to train each one. Although this limitation means that there is a reduction power output and speed (overall intensity), the aerobic system is characterized by an unlimited capacity to resynthesize ATP. 14 examples of aerobic exercise Aerobics (or cardio) can be done just about anywhere, with little or no equipment. By five minutes of exercise duration the aerobic energy system will have become your dominant energy source. The training for this system would be short bursts of energy combined with the resting period of 30 seconds to 5 minutes depending on the fitness of the athlete. Short surges of a few seconds are primarily anaerobic, but maximal efforts of 70 seconds see an equal energy contribution from aerobic and anaerobic sources. During more lengthy, low to moderate intensity periods activity, such as long-distance running, the energy supplied comes from this system. For sports that require repeated short bursts of exercise, the aerobic system acts to replenish energy stores during recovery periods to fuel the next energy burst. The aerobic energy system utilises fats, carbohydrate and sometimes proteins for re-synthesising ATP for energy use. Aerobic sporting examples of this is things such as gymnastics and 400m running as your body … Coaches without real knowledge of energy systems often intuitively develop programs that train the dominant energy system for their sport. Therefore, training strategies for many sports demand that both aerobic and anaerobic systems be developed. 1. The nature of the movements in these sports requires the utilization, and therefore training, of all three energy systems (ATP-PC, Glycolitic/Lactic acid and Aerobic systems). However, saying Rugby is an Aerobic-Alactic Sport is a very general overview as rugby is a sport that relies heavily on all three energy systems … Aerobic exercise (also known as cardio or cardio-respiratory exercise) is physical exercise of low to high intensity that depends primarily on the aerobic energy-generating process. " Aerobic system; Sporting examples ; Sporting example 1. Activities which last for over 240 seconds use this energy system. This helps because it gives the performer the best results. Energy Systems: Home ... Aerobic System Sporting Examples At the start of the race Mo Farrah will use the ATP-CP system when he does his first 20seconds of the race then the glycolysis system will start to work to help him for 4 minutes along side the ATP-CP system. Sporting Examples the aerobic system: How does the aerobic energy system help an athlete? The aerobic engine can burn both fat and carbohydrates and needs oxygen to make this happen. When we are at rest, we don't need much energy, so we take in a small amount of oxygen and our aerobic system breaks down carbohydrates and fats to provide the small amount of energy required. The ATP-PCr energy system can operate with or without oxygen but because it doesnt rely on the presence of oxygen it said to be anaerobic.During the first 5 seconds of exercise regardless of intensity, the ATP-PCr is relied on almost exclusively.ATP concentrations last only a few seconds with PCr buffering the drop in ATP for another 5-8 seconds or so. The aerobic energy system is the most complex of the three using oxygen to create something called glycolysis and, ultimately, produce that all-important ATP. Aerobic energy production occurs in the mitochondria of the cells. With sporting events such as cycling, swimming and running, where the intensity is constant for the duration of the event, it is possible to estimate the relative contribution of each energy system. 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